Drug information

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Other Names
UB-421, mAb dB4, mAb dB4C7
Drug Class
CD4 Attachment Inhibitor
Registry Number
2409099-32-5 (CAS)
Organization
United Biomedical
Phase of Development

Semzuvolimab is in Phase 3 development for HIV treatment.

(Compound details obtained from ChemIDplus Advanced,1ClinicalTrials.gov,2 and Treatment Action Group Pipeline Report 20223

 
What is semzuvolimab?What is semzuvolimab?

What is semzuvolimab?

Semzuvolimab is an investigational drug that is being studied to treat HIV infection.3

Semzuvolimab belongs to a group of HIV drugs called CD4 attachment inhibitors.3 CD4 attachment inhibitors work by attaching to a protein on the surface of immune cells. The protein is called the CD4 receptor. When semzuvolimab attaches to the CD4 receptor, HIV cannot attach to, enter, or infect the cell.4 This prevents HIV from multiplying and can reduce the amount of HIV in the body.

To learn about how investigational drugs are tested during clinical trials, read the HIVinfo What is an Investigational HIV Drug? and HIV and AIDS Clinical Trials fact sheets.

Select clinical trials of semzuvolimabSelect clinical trials of semzuvolimab

Select clinical trials of semzuvolimab

Study Names: Protocol A201-HIV; NCT01668043

Phase: 2a
Status: This study has been completed.
Location: Taiwan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to look at two different dosages of semzuvolimab monotherapy in adults with HIV who had never taken HIV medicines before. Semzuvolimab’s safety and effectiveness in lowering viral load were assessed.5


Study Names: UBP-A202-HIV; NCT02369146

Phase: 2
Status: This study has been completed.
Location: Taiwan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of two different dosages of semzuvolimab monotherapy as a substitute for antiretroviral therapy (ART).6
Selected Study Results: Results published in the New England Journal of Medicine (2019) showed that treatment with semzuvolimab monotherapy in participants with viral suppression was safe and effective. All participants maintained viral suppression while receiving semzuvolimab monotherapy during an analytical treatment interruption of ART (lasting 8 or 16 weeks).7


Study Names: UBP-A209-HIV; NCT03743376

Phase: 2
Status: This study has been completed.
Location: Taiwan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of semzuvolimab and its effectiveness in reducing the HIV reservoir when used in combination with ART.8


Study Names: UBP-A205-HIV; NCT03164447

Phase: 2
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status.
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of semzuvolimab when used first with an ART regimen that is not working, then with optimized background therapy (OBT).9


Study Names: UBP-A230-HIV; NCT04985890

Phase: 2
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status. 
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of semzuvolimab plus the latency-reversing agent tucidinostat and the ability of this regimen in reducing the latent HIV reservoir in participants undergoing an analytical treatment interruption of ART.10


Study Names: UBP-A218-HIV; NCT04404049

Phase: 2
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status.
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of semzuvolimab and its effectiveness in reducing the latent HIV reservoir when used in combination with ART.11


Study Names: UBP-A232-HIV; NCT05056974

Phase: 2
Status: This study is currently recruiting participants. 
Location: Taiwan
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of semzuvolimab monotherapy plus the latency-reversing agent tucidinostat and the ability of this regimen in changing the latent HIV reservoir in participants undergoing an analytical treatment interruption of ART.12 


Study Names: UBP-A304-HIV; NCT03149211

Phase: 3
Status: This study is currently recruiting participants. 
Location: China
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of semzuvolimab monotherapy as a substitute for ART.2


Study Names: UBP-A308-HIV; NCT04406727

Phase: 3
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status.  
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of semzuvolimab plus optimized background therapy in reducing viral load levels in participants with multidrug-resistant HIV.13

For more details on the studies listed above, see the Health Professional version of this drug summary.


Additional studies evaluating semzuvolimab for HIV treatment are being conducted, including the following early-phase trials:

  • UBP-A122-HIV (NCT04620304): A Phase 1 dose-escalation study to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of a subcutaneous form of semzuvolimab in adults with HIV who have never taken HIV medicines before. This study is currently recruiting participants.14
  • UBP-A127-HIV (NCT04620291): A Phase 1 study to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics and antiviral activity of a subcutaneous form of semzuvolimab in adults with HIV who have viral suppression on ART and in adults with HIV who have never taken HIV medicines before. See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status.15
     
What side effects might semzuvolimab cause?What side effects might semzuvolimab cause?

What side effects might semzuvolimab cause?

One goal of HIV research is to identify new drugs that have fewer side effects. In the Phase 2 study UBP-A202-HIV (NCT02369146) discussed under the previous section, the most common side effect that was possibly or probably related to semzuvolimab was mild or moderate skin rash, and it occurred in 48.3% of participants. One participant discontinued semzuvolimab because of a rash. Some participants had increases in eosinophils, which are a type of disease-fighting white blood cell, and some participants had elevated liver enzyme levels.7,16

Because semzuvolimab is still being studied, information on possible side effects of the drug is not complete. As testing of semzuvolimab continues, additional information on possible side effects will be gathered.

Where can I get more information about clinical trials studying semzuvolimab?Where can I get more information about clinical trials studying semzuvolimab?

Where can I get more information about clinical trials studying semzuvolimab?

More information about semzuvolimab-related research studies is available from ClinicalTrials.gov. (The ClinicalTrials.gov search can be modified so that you can get results that better match your interests. To learn more about the ClinicalTrials.gov search features, please see How to Search.)

Some clinical trials may be looking for volunteer participants. Your health care provider can help you decide whether participating in a clinical trial is right for you. For more information, visit NIH Clinical Research Trials and You.

ReferencesReferences

References

  1. United States National Library of Medicine. ChemIDplus Advanced: semzuvolimab. https://chem.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/2409099-32-5Accessed October 14, 2022
  2. United BioPharma. A Phase III, randomized, open-label, controlled trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of UB-421 monotherapy as substitution for stable antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on May 2, 2017. NLM Identifier: NCT03149211. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03149211. Accessed October 14, 2022
  3. Jefferys R. The antiretroviral therapy pipeline 2022. Treatment Action Group Pipeline Report 2022. https://www.treatmentactiongroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/pipeline_ARV_2022_final.pdf. Accessed October 14, 2022
  4. United BioPharma website. Pipeline. http://www.unitedbiopharma.com/pipelines.php. Accessed October 14, 2022
  5. United Biomedical. A Phase IIa, open-label, multiple-dose trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of the UB-421 in asymptomatic HIV-1 infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on August 1, 2012. NLM Identifier: NCT01668043. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01668043. Accessed October 14, 2022
  6. United BioPharma. A Phase II, open-label, multiple-dose trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of UB-421 monotherapy in substitution for stable antiretroviral therapy in HIV infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on February 5, 2015. NLM Identifier: NCT02369146. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02369146. Accessed October 14, 2022
  7. Wang CY, Wong WW, Tsai HC, et al. Effect of anti-CD4 antibody UB-421 on HIV-1 rebound after treatment interruption. N Engl J Med. 2019;380(16):1535-1545. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1802264
  8. United BioPharma. The HIV functional cure potential of UB-421: a Phase II, randomized, open-label, controlled, 48 week, proof of concept study, to evaluate the safety of UB-421 in combination with standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the efficacy of HIV reservoir reduction as compared with ART alone in ART stabilized HIV-1 patients. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on November 12, 2018. NLM Identifier: NCT03743376. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03743376. Accessed October 14, 2022
  9. United BioPharma. A multicenter, single-arm, 24-week study of UB-421 in combination with optimized background therapy (OBT) regimen in patients with multi-drug resistant (MDR) HIV-1 infection.  In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on May 21, 2017. NLM Identifier: NCT03164447. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03164447. Accessed October 14, 2022
  10. UBP Greater China (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. A proof of concept study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of UB-421 in combination with Chidamide for reduction of HIV reservoir as compared to UB-421 alone in ART stabilized HIV-1 patients who undergo ART interruption.  In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on July 8, 2021. NLM Identifier: NCT04985890. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04985890. Accessed October 14, 2022
  11. UBP Greater China (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. The HIV functional cure potential of UB-421: a Phase II, randomized, open-label, controlled, 48 week, proof of concept study, to evaluate the safety of UB-421 in combination with standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the efficacy of HIV reservoir reduction as compared with ART alone in ART stabilized HIV-1 patients.  In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on May 21, 2020. NLM Identifier: NCT04404049. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04404049. Accessed October 14, 2022
  12. United BioPharma. A Phase II proof-of-concept trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of UB-421 plus chidamide in changing HIV reservoirs among ART stabilized HIV-1 patients who undergo ART interruption. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on August 18, 2021. NLM Identifier: NCT05056974. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05056974. Accessed October 14, 2022
  13. United BioPharma. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 trial with UB-421 in combination with optimized background regimen in patients with multi-drug resistant HIV-1 infection. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on May 22, 2020. NLM Identifier: NCT04406727. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04406727. Accessed October 14, 2022
  14. United BioPharma. A Phase I, open-label, multi-dose study for evaluation of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of UB-421 subcutaneous formulation administered in HIV-1 infected treatment naive patients. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on October 22, 2020. NLM Identifier: NCT04620304. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04620304. Accessed October 14, 2022
  15. United BioPharma. A Phase I, open-label, multi-dose study for evaluation of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of UB-421 subcutaneous formulation in HIV infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on October 28, 2020. NLM Identifier: NCT04620291. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04620291. Accessed October 14, 2022
  16. Wang CY, Wong WW, Tsai HC, Chen YH, Liao MJ, Lynn S. A Phase 2 open-label trial of antibody UB-421 monotherapy as a substitute for HAART. Poster presented at: Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI); February 13-16, 2017; Seattle, WA. Poster 450LB. https://2jg4quetidw2blbbq2ixwziw-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/posters/2017/450LB_Wong.pdf. Accessed October 14, 2022
 

Last Reviewed: October 14, 2022