Prevention of Perinatal Transmission

Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT)

Strategies used to prevent the spread (transmission) of HIV from a birthing parent to their child during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or by breast/chestfeeding (through their own milk). Strategies include antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis for the birthing parent during pregnancy and labor and delivery, scheduled cesarean delivery, ARV prophylaxis for the newborn infant, and shared decision making on appropriate infant feeding methods with their health care provider.


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