What is flucytosine?
Flucytosine is anprescription medicine approved by the U.S. (FDA) for the treatment of serious infections caused by certain strains of two types of fungi: Candida and Cryptococcus. For example, flucytosine is used to treat , which is an caused by Cryptococcus fungi.
Cryptococcosis is an What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.(OI) of HIV. An OI is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as people with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about OIs, read the
How is flucytosine used in people with HIV?
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents includes recommendations on the use of flucytosine to treat cryptococcosis in people with HIV.
This may not include all of the uses of flucytosine in people with HIV that are recommended in the guidelines. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.
What should I tell my health care provider before taking flucytosine?
Before taking flucytosine, tell your health care provider:
- If you are allergic to flucytosine or any other medicines.
- About any medical conditions you have or have had, for example, kidney problems.
- About anything that could affect your ability to take medicines, such as difficulty swallowing or remembering to take pills.
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Whether flucytosine can harm an unborn baby is unknown. Flucytosine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the . Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking flucytosine when pregnant.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you have HIV.
- About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Flucytosine may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how flucytosine works. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between flucytosine and the other medicines you take.
How should I take flucytosine?
Take flucytosine according to your health care provider’s instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much flucytosine to take and when to take it. Before you start flucytosine and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.
How should flucytosine be stored?
- Store flucytosine capsules at 77°F (25°C).
- Keep flucytosine in the container that it came in and keep the container tightly closed.
- Do not use flucytosine if the original seal over the container opening is broken or missing.
- Throw away flucytosine that is no longer needed or expired (out of date). Follow FDA guidelines on how to safely dispose of unused medicine.
- Keep flucytosine and all medicines out of reach of children.
Where can I find more information about flucytosine?
More information about flucytosine is available:
- Recommendations on the HIV-related use of flucytosine, from the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the , the , and the HIV Medicine Association of the Diseases Society of America
- Flucytosine-related research studies, from the ClinicalInfo database of study summaries
The above Patient Version drug summary is based on the following FDA label(s): Capsule.
Last Reviewed: January 7, 2019